Elizabeth Hawes: Along Her Own Lines
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About the Exhibition
Elizabeth Hawes: Along Her Own Lines is the first contemporary exhibition dedicated to the gifted American clothing designer, author, and labor activist, Elizabeth Hawes (1903–1971). The show opens at a crucial moment when Hawes is especially relevant, because her activism and innovative philosophies correspond to the concerns of today. Hawes criticized the exploitative, classist nature of the fashion industry and sought to revolutionize it in her own creations, and through her writing and unionization efforts. She created gender non-conforming clothing and encouraged women to embrace their unique bodies with an open-minded positivity that was ahead of its time. Hawes further used writing and journalism to challenge the fashion industry from the inside, and called for people to think consciously about what they wear–with words that remain influential.
Elizabeth Hawes: Along Her Own Lines is divided into four themed sections, each with a title taken from chapter headings in her books which explore Hawes’ radical politics, design philosophy, and visionary expression. The first section “Clothes With a Purpose” highlights Hawes’ iconoclastic approach to social reform in terms of gender, labor, and race relations. This section of the exhibition is dedicated to her political activism, including her unionization efforts, and her writings for radical left-leaning publications, which culminated in an FBI investigation. It also includes segments from her book, Hurry Up, Please, It’s Time which chronicled the discrimination against female union organizers. Published in 1946, it acted as a public call for socialism. The garments displayed here demonstrate Hawes’ preference for practicality, durability, and style, rather than fashion trends.
Men’s clothes will really be revolutionized when the male asserts his right to be considered as alluring and decorative and beautiful as women.
Her radical perspective is further explored in the following section, “Men Might Like Skirts,” in which she urged her clients to question perceived opinions about “acceptable dress,” encouraging them to develop a style based on self-expression. Hawes believed that men had as much right to feel beautiful in their clothes as women do. This section includes bold motifs, brightly colored menswear and gender non-conforming garments that confronted mid-twentieth-century dress norms.
The next section “Who the Hell Are You?” explores her design style through the lens of her connections with her couture clientele. The innovative construction and unique details in the garments in this section are evidence of the cherished relationships she had with her clients and her deep understanding of individual physicality. These garments highlight her appreciation for the body through modern lines, hidden details, and customized color palettes based on her fascination with color theory.
The final section “I Leave You Here” centers on Hawes’ legacy and her vision for the future. The later years of Hawes’ life saw her shift from couture to high quality mass production. Hawes believed that ready-made-clothes could resolve the classist, exploitative aspects of the fashion industry that she had battled against throughout her life as a writer and activist. Elizabeth Hawes lived her life, made her clothes, and wrote her books very much along her own lines, and this exhibition celebrates these many facets of her maverick individuality and rebel spirit.
Learn more about the exhibition
Explore works by Elizabeth Hawes in our Online Collection
Explore The Met’s Collection of works by Elizabeth Hawes
See the Brooklyn Museum Sketches
View the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum
Read about the conservation of a skirt by Elizabeth Hawes at the Cincinnati Art Museum
Listen to Elizabeth Hawes talk with Rudy Vallee
Listen to an interview with her son, Gavrick Losey
Read Fashion is Spinach
Read Why Women Cry
Read Hurry Up Please, It's Time
Challenging the fashion industry from the inside
In the Press
Fashion is Spinach: The Life and Work of Elizabeth Hawes
Image: Elizabeth Hawes, multicolor silk man's kimono-style jacket, c. 1962, USA. Gift of Barnes Riznik.