Special Exhibitions Gallery
September 5, 2008 – February 21, 2009
Gothic: Dark Glamour was the first exhibition devoted to the gothic style in fashion. Set in a dramatic mise-en-scene suggesting iconic gothic settings, such as the labyrinth, the ruined castle, and the laboratory, more than 75 ensembles were on display. Fashion designers featured included Alexander McQueen, Ann Demeulemeester, Boudicca, Comme des Garçons, Karl Lagerfeld for Chanel Haute Couture, John Galliano for Christian Dior, Jean Paul Gaultier, Hussein Chalayan, Francisco Costa for Calvin Klein, Christian Lacroix, Derek Lam, Gareth Pugh, Kei Kagami, Ricardo Tischi for Givenchy, Thierry Mugler, Rick Owens, Rodarte, Anna Sui, Olivier Theyskens, Jun Takahashi of Undercover, and Yohji Yamamoto.
Also on display was a range of subcultural styles, such as old-school goth (associated with the heyday of the goth subculture, 1979-83), Victorian-style goth, industrial, steam punk, and cyber-goth, by designers such as Kambriel, Morphius and Plastik Wrap, as well as Japanese Elegant Gothic Lolitas by Tokyo-based brands Moi-Mme-Moit and h.Naoto Blood.
"Gothic" is an epithet that evokes images of death, destruction, and decay. Not simply a word that describes something, such as a Gothic cathedral, it is almost always a term of abuse that implies the dark, barbarous, and gloomy. Such negative connotations have made the gothic an ideal symbol of rebellion for a wide range of cultural outsiders. From its origins in 18th century gothic literature of terror to its contemporary manifestations in vampire literature and cinema, the gothic has embraced the powers of horror and the erotic macabre. Throughout its history, fashion has been central to our vision of the gothic.
"Although popularly identified with black-clad teenagers and rock musicians, the gothic has also been an important theme in contemporary fashion," said Dr. Valerie Steele, director of The Museum at FIT and curator of this exhibition. "The imagery of death and decay, the power of horror, and the erotic macabre are perversely attractive to many designers. For example, John Galliano told me that he saw the 'Gothic girl' as 'edgy and cool, vampy and mysterious,' while the most recent Rodarte collection was inspired by Japanese horror films."
An introductory gallery traced the development of gothic style from its origins in the eighteenth-century gothic literature of terror to its contemporary manifestations in art, fashion, and film. The Victorian cult of mourning, for example, was illustrated by actual mourning dresses, crepe veils, and momento mori jewelry. A Cabinet of Curiosities featured objects such as a wax head and the death mask of a poet. The vampire vignette included one of Eiko Ishioka's costumes for the film Bram Stokers Dracula. A selection of photographs was also be on display.
Simon Costin, the British artist, jeweler, and set designer who has worked on many fashion shows, served as art director for Gothic: Dark Glamour. Costin worked closely with exhibition designer Charles B. Froom to create an appropriately gothic mise-en-scene. The main gallery space was designed as a labyrinth, divided into iconic spaces such as Night, with seductive black evening dresses; the Ruined Castle, which conveys a sense of the Dark Ages; and the Laboratory, with futuristic fashion "monsters." Towering in the background was the Haunted Palace, which evokes Edgar Allan Poe's architectural metaphor for a disturbed mind.
BookA lavishly illustrated book, also called Gothic: Dark Glamour expands on the themes addressed in the exhibition. "There have been many studies of the gothic in art, architecture, literature, and cinema, but surprisingly little attention has been paid to the gothic influence on fashion," says Valerie Steele, curator of the exhibition and co-author of the book with Jennifer Park, coordinator of special programs at The Museum at FIT. Steele, a renowned fashion historian, explores the significance of gothic fashion from its eighteenth-century origins in the work of the "original goth" Horace Walpole to its current manifestations in both street style and high fashion. Steele draws on a wide range of sources, including fascinating interviews with fashion designers, such as Rick Owens; photographers, such as Sean Ellis; and gothic rockers, such as Patricia Morrison of Sisters of Mercy. Jennifer Park contributes an essay, "Melancholy and the Macabre: Gothic Rock and Fashion." Proceeds from the book, published by Yale University Press, go to the Fashion Institute of Technology.
Gothic: Dark Glamour was supported in part by The Coby Foundation, Ltd. Additional support was provided by the Couture Council.