It’s important, especially when dealing with more than one text, that you clearly identify each writer’s assertions in your own text. Signaling where a quote comes from or including an author tag is helpful to the reader. Here’s a helpful list* of ways to introduce quotes that will ensure that you’re clearly identifying where the quote came from:
- X states that, “______________.”
- As the prominent philosopher puts it, “______________.”
- According to X, “____________.”
- X himself writes, “_____________.”
- In their article, _________, X and Y maintain that, “____________.”
- Writing for the New York Times, X comments that, “_____________.”
- In X’s view, “__________.”
- X agrees when she writes, “_____________.”
- X disagrees when he writes, “____________.”
- X complicates matters further when she notes that, “____________.”
Once you've decided to use a quotation, you should also think about how explain or interpret the quote in regards to your writing. Here are some helpful templates* for explaining quotations:
- Basically, X is saying ___________.
- In other words, X believes __________.
- In making this comment, X argues __________.
- X is insisting that ___________.
- X’s point is that ___________.
- The essence of X’s argument is that __________.
*These templates are adapted from Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein's "They Say/I Say": The Moves that Matter in Persuasive Writing.