Citing Sources: APA, MLA, & Chicago Style

All ideas taken from a source (whether quoted directly, summarized, or paraphrased) should have a citation and corresponding reference entry (a longer citation) in a bibliography/reference/works cited page at the end of the paper. Citing sources tells the reader where you found your information and gives credit to the original authors. This guide will offer you the basics on how to evaluate sources, ways to incorporate sources, and overviews of popular citation styles. 

Citation Styles

Whenever you’re given a writing assignment and know you’ll be using sources, ask your professor what citation style you should use. A citation style is a set of guidelines for how to format your citations and references, whether it be in parenthetical citations, footnotes, endnotes, etc. The following are the most common styles students use at FIT:

APA Style

MLA Style

Chicago Style

Strategies for writing with sources

Citing sources accurately and appropriately also involves knowing how to evaluate sources and incorporate other peoples' thoughts, ideas, and texts into your paper.  The following guides can help you develop your ability to write with sources:

Writing with Sources: How to Use Another Person's Ideas 

Evaluating Sources 

Incorporating/Explaining Sources 

Avoiding Plagiarism