Using your time wisely during the one-on-one is important. In his The First Five Minutes: Setting the Agenda in a Writing Conference, Thomas Newkirk writes that, both student and teacher need to come to a meeting of minds fairly early in a writing conference; they need to set an agenda, agree to one or two major concerns that will be the focus of the conference. The agenda often deals with a possible revision of the paper, but there are other possibilities: it could deal with the writing process of the student or with a paper that is yet to be written. Unless a commonly-agreed-upon agenda is established, a conference can run on aimlessly and leave both participants with the justifiable feeling that they have wasted time. Newkirk stresses that teachers and students should work to establish clear objectives for a conference in the first few minutes of their meeting. It is also important to keep in mind that holding a conference is a balancing act between how much you speak and how much the student speaks. It is important to provide the student with enough space to be able to talk through their writing issues. However, it is also important to know when its appropriate to step in and provide guidance.
One-on-one conferences provide teachers a deeper understanding of how students are handling writing assignments. Taking the time to meet with students helps them feel more confident about the direction their writing is going. Conferences also give teachers better insight into students composing processes, which makes it easier to address student writing concerns by adjusting how to teach/talk about writing in class or how to construct assignments.