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Undergraduate Credit Courses

Below is a list of the credit courses FIT offers online. Note that not all of these courses are offered every semester. For a list of courses offered by semester, visit the Registrar's Class Search page. After you select the semester and subject, make sure to choose "Online" from the Instructional Method options.

AC 111 Advertising and Promotion

3 credits
For Advertising and Marketing Communications, Fabric Styling, Fashion Merchandising Management, and Textile Development and Marketing students. Concepts, perspectives, and methods for the development and implementation of integrated marketing communications programs for producers, manufacturers, and retailers are analyzed and critiqued.

AC 161 Multimedia Computing for Advertising and Marketing Communications
2 credits
Students develop computer skills applicable to the communications industry, including word processing, spreadsheets, networking, presentations, desktop publishing, and internet research. Through hands-on use, they complete such industry-oriented projects as print ads, press releases, and advertising analyses.

AC 222 Sales Promotion
3 credits
Prerequisite: AC 111
Students plan and develop sales promotion activities in order to achieve specific marketing and communications objectives. Both business-to-business and business-to-consumer sales promotion campaigns are developed.

AD 494 Senior Design Project Research
3 credits
Prerequisites: CD 372 and EN 322
A comprehensive study of the research methodology needed to write a thesis. Collect and analyze data and develop design criteria to produce a thesis on the topic, "to make a difference in the world."

AR 101 Fashion Art and Design
1.5 credits
For Fashion Merchandising Management, Patternmaking Technology, and Textile Development and Marketing students. Studies basic proportions of the fashion figure, garment details and terminology, and principles of color. (G6: Arts)

BE 261 Starting a Small Business
3 credits
Investigates the problems and challenges of opening and managing a small business. Emphasis is placed on analysis of financial statements and on developing a business plan.

BL 343 Introduction to Business Law
3 credits
An introduction to basic legal principles relating to branches of commercial law, with special emphasis upon the laws of contracts, sales, agency, and other areas relevant to the career aspirations of fashion industry students.

DM 211 Workshop in Direct Marketing
3 credits
Prerequisite: AC111
Students study direct marketing principles and practices and develop a multifaceted direct marketing plan.

EN 121 English Composition
3 credits
Prerequisite: college-level English proficiency as demonstrated by placement test or completion of appropriate ES course(s)
This course encourages students' confidence, writing fluency, and the development of a competent writing self by focusing on the writing process. A number of forms are employed, including brainstorming, free writing, journal writing, reading response journals, and formal essay writing. Classes are conducted as workshops, and both peers and instructor offer constructive feedback. (G1: Basic Communication)

EN 231 Short Fiction
3 credits
Prerequisite: EN 121 or equivalent
Students read and analyze stories by authors from around the world. They consider various aspects of narrative and explore different modes of storytelling. The study of short fiction prepares students to read more widely on their own in the future. Special attention is paid to speaking skills. (G7: Humanities)

EN 236 Major Writers of the Western World
3 credits
Pre-requisite: EN 121 or equivalent
Studies major themes in the cultural heritage of the Western world from Greek tragedy to the modern novel. Readings are from such representative writers as Plato, Sophocles, Euripides, Dante, Shakespeare, Austen, Flaubert, Tolstoy, Ibsen, Chekhov, Mann, and Sartre. (G7: Humanities)

EN 245 Intercultural Communication
3 credits
Prerequisite: EN 121 or equivalent
Students are introduced to the communication process among people from different cultures. The
course examines how factors such as cultural patterns, verbal and nonverbal communication, and perception play a role in intercultural relationships. Theory and research in intercultural communication
are presented and students apply this information to intercultural encounters

EN 321 Business Writing
3 credits
Prerequisite: EN 121 or equivalent, and one additional college-level English or speech course
Students analyze business situations to write effective correspondence, job search materials, reports, and presentations. They also learn various strategies to elicit appropriate responses for specific audiences. Students are guided in techniques of business research and documentation and develop strategies for using available technology.

EN 361 Creative Writing
3 credits
Prerequisites: EN 121 or equivalent, and one additional college-level English or speech course
In a workshop environment, students prepare a portfolio of works from one or more of the following genres: fiction, poetry, or drama. Structure, plot, characterization, point of view, theme, and metaphoric language are explored, and works-in-progress are critiqued by faculty and fellow students. Through the process of writing, critiquing, and revising, ideas are shaped into imaginative form. (G6: Arts)

EN 362 Creative Nonfiction
3 credits
Prerequisites: EN 121, and EN 231 or EN 232 or EN 233 or EN 236 or EN 241 or EN 242 or EN 244 or EN 245 or EN 253 or equivalent, and one English or Speech selective course
In this advanced writing course, students are taught the skills needed to produce informal essays or chapters of nonfiction books of high quality. Drawing upon observation, experience, and research, they create works of intellectual substance that reveal carefully shaped structure. Students develop ease and efficiency in their writing processes and work toward clarity, grace, and individual style. (G1: Basic Communication)

ES 023 English as a Second Language Workshop
1 credit
Co-requisite: ES 123
With intensified instruction in reading and writing, students apply and practice the English skills taught in the co-requisite ES 123. Sessions consist of small-group and individual work.

ES 123 English as a Second Language
2 credits
Co-requisite: ES 023
For students who need to improve their skills in English as a second language. Instruction is given in reading and writing English, with some practice in listening and speaking. Students must register simultaneously in the corresponding section of ES 023. More than one semester of ES 023/123 may be needed. Additional instruction (ES 024, ES 025, ES 027, ES 028) may be required after ES 023/123.

ES 033 College English Preparation Workshop
0 credits
Co-requisite: ES 133
A writing-intensive course in which students expand upon the skills taught in the co-requisite ES 133. Sessions consist of small-group and individual work.

ES 133 College English Preparation
2 credits
Co-requisite: ES 033
A writing-intensive course focusing on the stages of the writing process and on strategies to enhance reading comprehension and study skills. Topics include grammar, paragraph structure, and essay development. Students must register simultaneously in the corresponding section of ES 033. Additional instruction (ES 034) may be required.

ES 037 Survival Grammar
0 credits
Prerequisite: appropriate English placement test result
Co-requisite: EN 121
Students improve their writing skills by focusing on the fundamentals of grammar and conveying
information in an accurate, engaging, and efficient way.

FA 141 Drawing I
1.5 Credits
This course introduces drawing with an emphasis on developing perceptual skills. Line, value, placement, and perspective with still life and interiors as subjects are studied. Black-and-white materials are used. (G6: Arts)

FD 241 Apparel Product Data Management
1.5 credits
Introduction to product data management. Students learn to facilitate the communication and coordination of pre-product development tasks by linking design, engineering, costing, and manufacturing information through a centralized database of product-related information.

FD 341 Design with High-Tech Fabrics
1.5 credits
Students examine the relationship between high-tech fabrics and contemporary sportswear, outerwear, and performance design. The course concentrates on the qualities and functions of high-tech fabrics and their adaptability for specific functions or fashion looks. Students also learn the special construction techniques and machines needed for these fabrics.

FF 241 Fashion Design Computer: Photoshop
1.5 credits
Prerequisite: AR 101 or FF 111 or FF 113 or approval of Fashion Design-Art assistant chairperson
Students learn the fundamental and advanced techniques specific to fashion design, using Adobe Photoshop. Course assignments focus on establishing fashion design principles through digital line design development techniques. Students develop increasingly advanced skills using the core software to produce coordinated fashion design presentations. The focus of each design project targets specific customers and categories.

FF 242 Fashion Design Computer: Illustrator
1.5 credits
Prerequisite: AR 213 or FF 141 or FF 241 or approval of Fashion Design-Art assistant chairperson
Students learn the fundamental-to-intermediate-level techniques specific to fashion design using Adobe Illustrator. The course covers all aspects of drawing, including working with images and color. Course assignments focus on establishing industry techniques and developing proficiency in creating fashion designs using Adobe Illustrator.

FF 243 Digital Flats and Specs
1.5 credits
Prerequisite(s): FF 241 and (FF 141 or FF 242)
Students learn to create garment specification sheets by integrating manual and digital skills. Digital design techniques and business practices are explored in order to create a presentation of a design collection.

FF 491 Internship (Fashion Design)
2 credits
An unsalaried, 12-week internship in the industry, scheduled individually for a minimum of 87 hours at the worksite and 3 hours on campus. Integrates students' design knowledge with field experience at a specific manufacturer with a company employee as a supervisor/mentor. The Internship Center assists the Fashion Design Department in placement.

FI 111 Introduction to Film
3 credits
This course provides students with the tools to analyze moving image presentations in an academic setting or as a filmmaker. Students examine the uses of camera, editing, sound and elements of the production design as they create meaning in film images and narratives. Examples are drawn from a full range of feature films, documentaries, other forms of entertainment and advertising, whether delivered theatrically, through television or over the Internet. (G7: Humanities).

FM 114 Introduction to the Fashion Industry
3 credits
This survey covers the history, characteristics, and global interrelationships of all segments of the fashion industry. The course explores how fiber, textile, and apparel producers, retailers, and home furnishings companies merchandise and market their products within the industry and to the consumer.

FM 116 Fashion Business Practices
3 credits
A comprehensive introduction to the modern fashion business environment. The structures, finances, management, organization, and ethical responsibilities of fashion enterprises are examined in a global context.

FM 117 Introduction to Fashion Marketing
3 credits
This course focuses on the integration of fashion marketing concepts, practices and applications and facilitates the development of a marketing/merchandise plan. Through a case study approach, students analyze opportunities regarding merchandise positioning, brand imagery, targeting and segmentation of an apparel or other fashion product.

FM 118 Consumer Motivation in Fashion
3 credits
Students learn demographic and psychographic information pertaining to consumer behavior and how it relates to the marketing of fashion. Discussions concentrate on consumer research, geographic distribution, income, education, leisure time, family structure, lifestyle, attitude, reference groups, and consumerism as influences.

FM 121 Merchandise Planning and Control
3 credits
Prerequisite: passing grade on FMM math placement test or MA 005
Provides an understanding of the concepts and calculations necessary for successful merchandising and familiarizes students with the terminology of operating statements, retail method of inventory, planning seasonal purchases, methods of figuring markups, turnover, stock-sales ratios, open-to-buy, markdowns, and terms of sale.

FM 212 Case Studies in Fashion Marketing
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM 116
Through the case study method, analyze the decision-making process used to arrive at independent solutions to typical marketing problems. Student analyses and presentations of actual cases are evaluated for weighing of factual data, disciplined thinking, and arrival at rational conclusions.

FM 213 Introduction to Direct Marketing
3 credits
Prerequisites: AC 111 and FM 114
Presents a comprehensive overview of the direct marketing industry, including its various components and career opportunities. Through the use of case studies and/or assignments, students learn strategic planning: how to choose and merchandise a product, pinpoint a target audience, develop marketing tests, and analyze results. Students are also introduced to the various electronic vehicles currently used in this ever-changing industry.

FM 221 Workshop in Fashion Merchandising Management
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM 121 and FM 122
Presents students with opportunities to apply knowledge gained in prior courses to creative solutions for specific problems. Workshop projects such as a day spent with a merchant or the selection of merchandise from manufacturersí offerings aid in understanding the principles and procedures of successful fashion merchandising.

FM 222 Import Buying
3 credits
Prerequisite: FM 224
Analyzes important factors in developing import programs, distribution of products, market sources, financing, and aspects associated with apparel and other imported products. The impact of imports on domestic apparel businesses is examined.

FM 223 Creative Fashion Presentations
3 credits
Prerequisites: AC 111 and FM 114
Students prepare and present fashion information through clinics, shows, and written communiques. They learn how to research, analyze, and forecast fashion trends. Awareness of career opportunities in the fashion industries is fostered.

FM 224 Merchandising Math Applications
3 credits
Prerequisite:  Passing grade on FMM math placement test or MA 005
Students develop an understanding of the merchandising concepts and calculations necessary for interpreting and responding to financial planning and control reports of the merchandising and store operational teams. Among such reports are sales analyses, maintained markup reports, gross margin and seasonal plans.

FM 225 Fashion Merchandising
3 credits
Prerequisite: Passing grade on FMM math placement test or MA 005 and FM 224
This course provides a comprehensive look at the merchandising environment including the functions and objectives of the merchandising team and the principles and techniques practiced by today's buyers, planners, product developers and account executives. Students work in teams on simulated merchandising projects to execute a seasonal plan.

FM 244 Product Development
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM 268 and TS 111
Introduces the concepts and methods by which retailers create special, store-branded merchandise for targeted customer segments. The process of product development, from research to production to distribution, is studied.

FM 245 Fashion Forecasting for Merchandisers
3 credits
Prerequisite: FM 117
Students explore and apply various forecast research methods in preparation for developing, planning, purchasing, or merchandising apparel lines and collections. Using the case study method, trend research is evaluated through the use of scholarly texts, articles, databases, and relevant websites to identify opportunities for growth and profitability in a fashion business.

FM 251 Small Store Fashion Retailing
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM 224
Enables students to understand the procedures of organizing a small, fashion retail enterprise and to become aware of the decision making inherent in successful small-store merchandising. Students develop a model for a small fashion retail store.

FM 262 Contemporary Retail Management
3 credits
Studies operational functions of retailing customer service, store credit, logistics, selling, staffing, and managing employees while exploring exciting careers in retail store management.

FM 268 Team Development Workshop
2.5 credits
Through individual and team role-playing and workshop activities, students learn the management skills needed in the international workplace. Communications skills, teamwork, and process management are stressed.

FM 321 Workshop in Apparel Merchandising
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM244
Hands-on workshops simulate the activities of a fashion merchandiser in overseeing the research, development, and presentation of a line for an apparel manufacturer. Emphasizes handling key accounts and the merchandiser's relationship with design, production, and sales staff.

FM 324 Business of Licensing
3 credits
Students examine the business aspects of licensing as they apply to the fashion industry, from licensing assignments through the merchandising approval process. Appropriate skills for negotiating and planning licensed product lines are developed. Business and career opportunities with manufacturers, retailers, product developers, and designers of licensed fashion merchandise are explored.

FM 361 Management for Retailing
3 credits
Prerequisite: FM 268
A comprehensive study of the role of the manager in todayís retail climate. Students learn the effect of an organizationís culture on the management process and how it is viewed from a global perspective. Decision-making, planning, structure, leadership, and defining control are also studied.

FM 422 Merchandising Strategies
3 credits
Prerequisites: FM 325 and MA 213
Students, working as members of a mock merchandising team for a fashion manufacturer or retailer, develop and refine goals and strategies to enhance market strength, increase market penetration, and build relationships among internal and external customers.

FM 424 Global Merchandising
3 Credits
Prerequisite: FM 361
This course explores the multiple merchandising practices used around the world in fashion apparel companies--both retail and wholesale. American merchandising theory is used as a base of comparison in the consideration of various religions, cultures, legal systems, and other global systems.

GD 232 Survey of Graphic Design
3 credits
Traces the development of modern graphic design. Significant stylistic trends and influences are analyzed and compared. The processes used by major designers to realize design solutions are examined. The people, processes, and products involved in the development of modern graphic design are explored.

HA 112 History of Western Art and Civilization: Renaissance to the Modern Era
3 credits
Presents the history of Western art and civilization from the early Renaissance to the modern era. Illustrated lectures explore painting, sculpture, and architecture in relation to pertinent religious, political, economic, and social conditions. (G5: Western Civilization; G7: Humanities)

HA 121 Cities and Civilizations: The Eastern Mediterranean World, c. 3000 BCE - 1000 CE
3 credits
Students examine the art and civilization of the ancient to medieval eastern Mediterranean (including western Asia) from a non-Western perspective. Illustrated lectures and discussions survey the cultures, societies, and arts of the great urban centers of antiquity up to the Crusades. (G7: Humanities; G9: Other World Civilizations)

HA 221 East Asian Art and Civilization
3 credits
Introduces major characteristics of East Asian civilizations through a survey of traditional art and architecture. Illustrated lectures survey artistic traditions in relation to historical, religious, and social aspects of these civilizations. (G7: Humanities; G9: Other World Civilizations)

HA 223 African Art and Civilization
3 credits
Surveys cultures of sub-Saharan Africa. Illustrated lectures present art and architecture in relation to history, religion, economic conditions, and social and political structures. (G7: Humanities; G9: Other World Civilizations)

HA 226 Art and Civilization of the Islamic World
3 credits
This course examines the art and civilization of the Islamic world, from the birth of Islam in the seventh century AD to the present. Students are introduced to the spiritual, philosophical, and sociopolitical factors that led to the formation of this multiethnic style. (G7: Humanities; G9: Other World Civilizations)

HA 231 Modern Art
3 credits
Prerequisite: HA 112
Presents the history of Western art from the 19th century through the mid-20th century in the context of cultural history. (G7: Humanities)

HA 314 History of American Art
3 credits
Prerequisite: HA 112 or equivalent, or approval of chairperson
A history of art in America from the early colonial period to the early 20th century. Illustrated lectures present painting, sculpture, and architecture in relation to pertinent religious, political, economic, and social conditions. (G7: Humanities; G10: American History)

HA 331 Contemporary Art and Culture: 1945 to the Present
3 credits
Prerequisite: HA 231 or approval of chairperson
Presents the recent history of Western art and culture. Illustrated lectures present artistic developments in relation to pertinent ideas and events in contemporary culture. (G7: Humanities)

HA 343 History of Photography
3 credits
A history of photography from its beginnings to the present day. Illustrated lectures present a chronological survey that focuses on photographers, technical advancements, and aesthetic considerations in the context of pertinent ideas and events. (G7: Humanities)

HA 344 History of Western Costume
3 credits
Prerequisite: HA 112
Illustrated lectures present the historical and social development of Western costume, from antiquity to the present, in the context of the history of art and design. (G7: Humanities)

HE 101 Health Education
1 credit
Stresses the holistic approach to health and focuses on the theory of wellness as a preventive measure
against illness. Provides a forum for examining such health issues as nutrition, exercise, relationships,
sexuality, substance abuse, and death and dying, among other topics.

HE 102 Stress Management
1 credit
Identifies how stress affects the mind, body, and spirit. Students learn skills to reduce stress and
cope with unavoidable stress in their personal and professional lives.

HI 202 U.S. History: Civil War to Present
3 credits
An introduction to American history, this course moves from a brief view of American geography, economics, and government to a more focused examination of the social, political, and economic experience from the Civil War through the Cold War and to the present. Students are introduced to basic historical methodology and learn to apply these techniques through critical readin, analtyical writing, and verbal presentations. (G10: American History).

HP 201 Introduction to Home Products
3 credits
Students are familiarized with the wide range of home products, both soft lines (textile) and hard lines (non-textile), that comprise the home furnishings industry. Product development and merchandising within each category are emphasized. Many sessions take place at retailers and industry showrooms throughout the city.

IC 296 AAS Internship B: Career Exploration
2 Credits
A 2-credit internship course for AAS students with a focus on the internship experience and on helping students identify suitable career paths.

IC 298 AAS Internship D: Career Exploration
4 Credits
A 4-credit internship course for AAS students with a focus on the internship experience and on helping students identify suitable career paths.

IC 496 Senior Internship B: Career Planning
2 credits
A 2-credit advanced internship course for baccalaureate students with a focus on the internship experience and on helping students plan their careers and market themselves professionally.

IC 497 Senior Internship C: Career Planning
3 credits
A 3-credit advanced internship course for baccalaureate students with a focus on the internship experience and on helping students plan their careers and market themselves professionally.  

IC 498 Senior Internship D: Career Planning
4 credits
A 4-credit internship course for baccalaureate students with a focus on the internship experience and on helping students plan their careers and market themselves professionally.

ID 221 Interior Design: 1650-1850
2.5 credits
Traces the major period styles used in interior design in England, France, and the United States from the mid-17th to the mid-19th centuries, with an analysis of their evolution from concepts and forms developed in early classic civilizations.

ID 255 Autocad II

1.5 credits
Prerequisite: ID 253
Presents CAD drafting, dimensioning, and detailing in order to create two-dimensional drawings for architecture, interior design, and construction. Methods for creating and using different line types and text styles are demonstrated. An introduction to three-dimensional modeling is included.

IN 312 International Trade
3 credits
Introduces international trade as it is practiced today. Students learn how various industries have developed different international trade patterns and how the internet is rapidly changing this field. Focus is placed on international trade as an industry, professional opportunities, project management, intercultural skills, and technical trends in logistics an online research.

IN 313 International Business Transactions
3 credits
The management of international trade transactions is introduced, with emphasis on agency, distributorship, franchising agreements, import/export, and licensing. Students learn the theory and practice of conducting international negotiations and how to apply the self-regulatory standards used in international trade. The use of the internet and business-to-business e-commerce websites to transact international business is also examined.

IN 322 Global Marketing
3 credits
Introduction to the research techniques and implementation strategies practiced in global marketing by the fashion and related industries. Students examine the major trends revolutionizing international marketing, the evolution of international companies into global firms, and the expanding role of e-commerce. The role of intercultural communication and negotiation styles in global marketing strategies is studied in detail.

IN 323 Import/Export Regulations
3 credits
Prerequisite: IN 312
Import and export regulations enforced by the U.S. Customs Service are presented, including ECCN and HTSUS classification, country of origin, customer screening, export licensing, quota/visa, required import/export documentation, and valuation. Students develop an import or export international business plan.

IN 324 International Marketing Research
3 credits
Prerequisite: IN 322
Students learn how to plan, implement, and present an international marketing research project. The course explores secondary data that are available through libraries, public agencies, and online resources and analyzes strategies for generating primary data in foreign markets. International team-building and presentation skills are reviewed and practiced. Lectures and critiques are provided by guest speakers from the industry.

IN 341 International Logistics
3 credits
International logistics - the organized movement of goods, services, and people across countries - is explored. Students survey the impact of market, government regulations, and technological forces on ground, ocean, and air transportation systems. International conventions and the role of unions in logistics are also studied.

IN 342 International Corporate Responsibility
3 credits
Students study the sustainability movement, and how ethical, social, and environmental issues are being addressed by multinational corporations. Through the review of current case studies, the course examines the role of fashion businesses in creating socially responsible and ecofriendly global supply chains and their effect in international trade policies.

IN 423 Global Marketing of Luxury Brands
3 credits
Prerequisite: IN 322 or approval of instructor
Through case studies, business articles, and position papers, students learn how international luxury brands are affected by globalization, how they compete for emerging markets and use elements of sustainability and social responsibility in their competition strategies. Students explore the concept of the global consumer and the impact of this consumer on marketing strategies.

IN 424 Export Promotion Marketing
3 credits
Prerequisite: IN 322
This course is an introduction to the variety of export assistance policies, programs, and initiatives available to U.S., foreign, and global businesses to effectively market fashion-related goods and services. Students examine various export promotion strategies organized by the U.S. government, foreign governments, and bilateral and private-sector joint programs that aid in the exportation of goods and services.

IN 433 Global Sourcing
3 credits
Prerequisite: IN 323
Students examine the import market process, import regulations, sources of supply, supplier management and development, and transportation in order to learn how to participate in the global marketplace and negotiate in cross-cultural situations.

IN 434 International Management
3 credits
This course is a guide to the world of international business and addresses the myriad factors that influence decision makers working in this environment. How organizational structure, personnel decisions, resource planning and allocation, and other business alternatives are affected by a firm's global participation is assessed.

IN 441 International Business Law
3 Credits
Students develop a thorough understanding of the legal framework for international business transactions in the fashion and related industries. They learn how international sales contracts are structured, how international trade rules and national laws apply to cross-border transactions, and how international business disputes are settled

IN 442 International Finance
3 credits
Prerequisite: MA 222 or MA 311
Students learn to use the basic principles and techniques of international financial management and develop an understanding of the financial environment in which multinational corporations and small international businesses operate. Focus is on international capital budgets and capital structure, international cash management, international tax regulations, management of currency and exchange-rate risks, and short- and long-term trade finance.

IN 443 International Business Strategies and Fashion Law
3 credits
This management course introduces the strategic business considerations faced by international fashion firms as they set up operations in foreign markets. Students examine the market entry process of fashion firms and identify key financial, legal, management, and marketing issues.

IT 214 Italian IV
3.5 credits
Prerequisite: IT 213 or equivalent
Building on Italian III, students refine their communication skills in Italian. More advanced supplementary reading materials (including poetry, short stories, and magazine and newspaper articles), films, and videos further the students' knowledge of Italian culture. Teacher-instructed multimedia laboratory sessions reinforce skills learned in the classroom. (G8: Foreign Language)

IT 342 Writing Women of the Italian Renaissance
3 credits
Prerequisite: IT 214 or equivalent
This course introduces students to the lives and literary endeavors of a selection of women who lived in Italy during the Renaissance and addresses how these women were written about in the context in which they wrote. Topics addressed in the course include their purpose and motivation for writing, the kinds of texts they wrote and the audience served, and the effect of social class and religion on their work. This course is conducted entirely in Italian. (G7: Humanities; G8: Foreign Language)

JD 138 Introduction to CAD for Jewelry Design

2 credits
Prerequisites: CG 111 and JD 131 or approval of chairperson
Students create two- and three-dimensional computer-generated drawings and models specific to jewelry design. Using modeling software and other computer applications, students develop basic jewelry design skills to create a personal style.

JD 171 Materials and Properties
2 credits
Students learn basic chemistry and physics as they pertain to materials used in jewelry. Emphasis is on how chemicals and acids used in the industry, and the chemical composition of various stones, affect production.

MA 142 Geometry and the Art of Design
3 credits
Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency
A contemporary primer of geometric topics that expand the concepts of shape and space, this course presents some of the established and emerging ways geometry can provide tools and insights for artists and designers. Included are a variety of visual phenomena such as fractals, knots, mazes, symmetry, and the golden ratio. (G2: Mathematics)

MA 161 Mathematical Ideas
3 credits
Prerequisite: Arithmetic proficiency
Provides an overview of the historic, heuristic, and visual dimensions of mathematics. Includes the golden ratio, fractal geometry, sets and groups, logic and circuits, Euler diagrams, number theory, and discrete math. (G2: Mathematics) )

MA 213 Quantitative Methods
3 credits
Prerequisite: algebra proficiency
Explores the mathematical model-building process in the settings provided by linear programming and probability. Includes simplex methods for solving linear programs; duality; matrix algebra; probability models based on equally likely outcomes, independent events, and conditional probability; applications, particularly to business and economics; and elementary math of finance. (G2: Mathematics) 

MA 222 Statistical Analysis
3.5 credits
Prerequisite: arithmetic proficiency
Studies the principles and methods of statistical analysis including probability distributions, sampling distributions, error of estimate, significance tests, correlation and regression, chi-square, and ANOVA. Introduces the use of the computer to store, manipulate, and analyze data. (G2: Mathematics)

MA 311 Mathematical Modeling for Business Applications
3 credits
Prerequisite: algebra Proficiency
To instill the value of mathematics as a tool for modeling real-life situations, this course focuses on an analytical approach to business decision-making. Topics covered include finance, cash flow, probability, linear programming, and the business applications of basic equations. Microsoft Excel is used. (G2: Mathematics)

MA 321 Data Analysis for Business Applications
3 Credits
Prerequisites: MA 222 and Algebra Proficiency
This course covers intermediate statistics topics with applications to business. Students graph, manipulate, and interpret data using statistical methods and Excel. Topics include data transformation, single and multiple regression, time series, analysis of variance, and chi-square tests. Applications are from the areas of retail, finance, management, and marketing. (G2: Mathematics)

MG 132 Marketing for Manufacturers
3 credits
Students are introduced to the basic concept of marketing and the components of the marketing mix in order to understand how fashion products are developed and successfully distributed. Computer-assisted marketing, including barcoding, e-commerce, and the role of the internet, is investigated as a strategic tool for globalization.

MG 153 Excel for Business
2 credits
Prerequisite: MG 152 or Word and PowerPoint Proficiency Test
This course provides a comprehensive presentation of Microsoft Excel 2000. Topics include charting, data tables, financial functions, formatting, formulas, functions, what-if analysis, working with large worksheets, and other business-related topics.

MG 242 Principles of Accounting
3 credits
An intensive introduction to accounting theory and practice, employing manual and data processing techniques. Includes problems in double-entry principles, trial balances, adjustments, valuation reserves, closing of books, and preparation of financial statements. Also introduces accounting for manufacturing costs, apportionment of overhead, job order costs, process costs, and standard costs.

MG 306 Information Systems: Case Analysis

2 credits
Prerequisite: AC 161 or MG 152 or MG 153 or TT 173, or equivalent
Principles of management information systems (MIS) are addressed. Students use database and spreadsheet tools (Access and Excel) to problem-solve business situations and present their solutions in PowerPoint. Topics include the business functions of human resources, marketing and sales, finance and accounting, manufacturing, and technology support.

PH 262 Professional Procedures for the Commercial Photographer
2 credits
An in-depth understanding of owning and operating a small professional photography business is provided. Students learn and practice organizational and career goal planning techniques, assignment pricing structures, the use of standard contracts, maintaining accurate records, and the creation of standard business forms. Emphasis is on understanding copyright law and tax structure, and learning criteria for retaining legal and financial services.

PL 211 Informal Logic: A Guide to Clear Thinking
3 credits
Introduction to practical techniques for evaluating, criticizing, and defending arguments using ordinary English. Both deductive and inductive reasoning are considered, and how to recognize fallacies is emphasized. Stresses techniques for producing good arguments of many types. (G7: Humanities)

PL 431 Philosophy:  Ethics
3 credits
An introduction to philosophy in general and to ethics in particular. Philosophy is presented as an ongoing activity with emphasis on providing students with logical and conceptual tools for dealing with real-life situations. The course is oriented toward the development of the studentís ability to use reason to evaluate arguments, particularly ethical arguments. (G7: Humanities)

SC 111 Introduction to the Physical Sciences
3 credits
Prerequisite: Arithmetic proficiency. Not open to students who have taken SC 112
Presents basic principles of chemistry, physics, and earth and space sciences with emphasis on understanding the physical world. Includes theoretical concepts as well as applications. Illustrated by suitable lecture demonstrations. (G3: Natural Sciences)

SC 112 OL1 Earth Science
3.5 Credits
Prerequisite: Arithmetic proficiency
Not open to students who have taken SC111. The historical development, current research, and fundamental principles associated with meteorology, geology, and astronomy are studied. (G3: Natural Sciences)

SC 121 Introduction to Biological Science
3 credits Prerequisite: Arithmetic proficiency. Not open to students who have taken SC 122
Examines the fundamentals of biology with emphasis on molecular, cell, and organismal biology. Biotic diversity, evolution, and genetics are also presented. (G3: Natural Sciences)

SS 131 General Psychology
3 credits
Principles of psychology and their application to general behavior are presented. Stresses the scientific method in understanding learning, perception, motivation, emotion, personality development, and the social influences on human behavior. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 141 Macroeconomics
3 credits
Introduction to basic principles and characteristics of economic systems. Primary emphasis is on macroeconomic issues, including national income determination, monetary and fiscal policy, and current economic problems. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 151 Introduction to World Affairs
3 credits
Examines the contemporary world including changes in Europe, Russia, and the Third World. Explores timely international issues such as nuclear arms, the breakdown of the Soviet Union, and the Israeli-Arab dispute. (G4: Social Sciences; G9: Other World Civilizations)

SS 171 Introductory Sociology
3 credits
Study of patterned social behavior and the interrelationships between individual life experience and the social structure that helps to shape it. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 231 Personality
3 credits
Prerequisite: SS 131
Emphasizes normal personality development as viewed from a variety of perspectives, including social, educational, biological, and psychodynamic factors. Students apply these psychological principles to problems of everyday living and gain an understanding of both normal and deviant reactions to life events. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 237 Industrial Psychology
3 Credits
Prerequisite: SS131 or approval of chairperson
Applies psychological principles to issues in the workplace. Personnel selection, training, leadership, motivation, job satisfaction, performance appraisal, and stress are explored to provide future leaders, managers, and technical specialists with information and skills to enhance their interpersonal and organizational effectiveness. (G4: Social Sciences) 

SS 242 Microeconomics
3 credits
Prerequisite: SS 141
Examines the principles underlying the behavior of business firms, resource owners, and consumers within a system of price-making markets. Emphasis is on pricing, resource allocation, cost analysis, price determination under market structures ranging from competition to monopoly, and a functional approach to the distribution of income. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 354 Comparative Political Systems
3 credits
Study of political systems with a global perspective; compares and contrasts contemporary political ideologies, institutions, and processes from democracies to authoritarian regimes, advanced industrialized economies to developing countries. (G4: Social Sciences; G9: Other World Civilizations)

SS 356 Asia in Motion: National, International, and Transnational Relations
3 credits
Examines the complexity, diversity, and dynamics of East Asian and Southeast Asian politics. The course analyzes Asia and its moves toward modernity in terms of politics, economics, and culture. Topics include modernization, post-World War II political settings, and post-Cold War regional integration. (G9: Other World Civilizations)

SS 374 Cross-Cultural Studies
3 credits
Prerequisites: two introductory Social Sciences courses (SS 131, SS 141, SS 151, SS 171), or approval of chairperson
This course provides conceptual and practical knowledge of the societies and cultures, economies, histories, and institutions of non-Western societies. Special attention is paid to the distinctive features of Japan and India. Students are introduced to the range and significance of cultural differences and will be prepared to adapt to these cultural differences as they move into international arenas. (G4: Social Sciences; G9: Other World Civilizations)

SS 385 Social Psychology
3 credits
Prerequisite: SS 131
Human behaviors such as aggression, prejudice, attraction, attitude formation, conformity, helping, and group processes are examined with particular emphasis on their current applications. (G4: Social Sciences)

SS 443 International Economics
3 credits
Prerequisites: SS 141 and SS 342
Reviews the origins of modern international economic theory and discusses present patterns of trade and finance, including the balance of payments and its economic effects, exchange rates, international commodity agreements, and tariff policies. Includes an analysis of the relationship between international economics and current U.S. economic problems. (G4: Social Sciences)

TD 224 Computer-Aided Print Design
(Formerly SD 224)
1.5 credits
Using Adobe Photoshop, students scan images and create original designs, repeats, colorways, and coordinates targeting specific markets. Emphasis is on creative use of the software, awareness of industry trends, and the development of an original portfolio of digitally produced designs.

TS 111 Fundamentals of Textiles
3 credits
General study of textile materials with an emphasis on the factors that produce successful fabrics in the marketplace, including fibers, yarns, construction, color, and finish. Characteristics of a wide range of market fabrics are examined.

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